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Q.1 How do you use the verbs あります and います?
Both verbs mean “There is/are.”
You use あります for inanimate objects, and います for animate objects.
Examples of あります:
椅子があります。(Isu ga arimasu.) There is a chair.
チーズケーキがあります。(Chiizu keeki ga arimasu.) There is some cheesecake.
Examples of います:
学生がいます。(Gakusei ga imasu.) There are students.
今、教室に田中さんがいます。(Ima kyoushitsu ni Tanaka-san ga imasu.) There is Mr. Tanaka in the classroom right now.
あります and います can also be translated as “I have…”
猫がいます。(Neko ga imasu.) I have a cat. / There is a cat.
Q.2 How is the Japanese “R” pronounced?
Even though Japanese words are romanized using “R,” the pronunciation is actually a lot closer to “L” than “R” in English. So it’s a good idea to substitute in your mind all the “R”s with “L”s when you speak Japanese.
論理 (ronri) – try to read it more like “lonli”
瑠璃色 (ruriiro) – read it like “luliilo”
略す (ryakusu) – read it like “lyakusu”
留学 (ryuugaku) – read it like “lyuugaku”
料理 (ryouri) – read it like “lyouli”
Also, be care of the difference between “su” and “tsu” as they sound quite similar.
When saying loan words, “V” needs to be substituted with the B.
ビデオ (bideo) video
バイオリン (baiorin – read it like baiolin) violin
“F” and “PH” tend to be replaced with “H.”
フード (fuudo – read it like huudo) food
ソファ (sofa – read it like sohuaa) sofa
イヤホン (iyahon) earphones
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Music by: Soichiro Migita
- August 31, 2015 – August 31, 2015